The surgery of the nose involves changes to all or some parts in the nose and reshaping. People who are unhappy with the shape and form of the nose and also have a difficulty in breathing can undergorhinoplasty. Septum can be corrected at the same time resulting in improved breathing. This is the cosmetic surgical procedure most frequently performed all over the world. A good treatment plan and the understanding of your requirements is very important for a successful treatment outcome. The results achieved are permanent and very pleasing.
Indications for Nose Surgery
The common concerns of people with regards to the nose are reducing or enlarging certain areas, narrowing the nose smoothing nose humps, correcting the deviation and making the nose sharper. Surgery of the nose should ideally be done after the growth of the face is complete.
Before Rhinoplasty (Nose) Surgery
An in depth discussion with the surgeon is the first step in the understanding of your needs and preferences if any. A brief medical history and examination of the nose will be conducted. Photographs of the face will be taken and the relationship of different parts of the face will be assessed. Silhouette drawings of the nose will help you understand the possible outcome of the surgery. CT scan of the paranasal sinuses will be ordered and an otolaryngologist (ENT) opinion will be sought if there are functional problems or sinus pathology.
Surgery is usually performed under anaesthesia usually as a day care. These are extremely comfortable and results in minimal swelling and bruising. Most of the incisions are inside the nose with a very small segment seen outside which is barely visible after a few days. The skin of the nose is elevated and necessary changes are made to the bones, cartilages and soft tissue. Septal deviation if any is corrected at the same time. The flaring nose is also corrected with a cut at the base of nostril or through the inside of the mouth. Chin augmentation may be combined with nose surgery occasionally. Nose is packed for 48 hours with a sponge like dressing (Merocel) if septum is corrected at the same time.
Recovery from Nose Surgery
The recovery takes a couple of weeks. Swelling of the nose may stay a few weeks longer. Most people resume their daily activities in a couple of days and resume office work in a week. There are small paper tapes over the nose to keep the changes in shape. Splint may be used if bony changes are made. There is always some stuffiness of the nose when work has been done on the nasal septum. Pain is minimal and is controlled with medicines. Bruising occurs around the eyes but will fade within a few days. Discolouration usually disappears in 2 weeks.
Dressings – A tape will be placed on the outside of the nose and must be placed for 7 days. If you had simultaneous septal surgery to correct a deviation there will be a pack placed inside each nostril that will be removed the second day after surgery.
Sutures – Most sutures will dissolve few are to be removed in 5 to 7 days.
Activity – You will be advised to sleep with your head elevated 30 to 45 degrees to help decrease swelling. Apply ice as much as possible for the first 2 days to decrease the amount of swelling and bruising. No heavy exercise or weight lifting for two weeks. Soft diet is allowed for the first few days. Vigorous chewing may cause increased drainage form the nose.
Special Instructions – Protect the nose and face from sun exposure for at least six weeks. Avoid pressure on the nose for up to 6 weeks. Also avoid bending over with your head below waist level. The nose may be stuffy the first couple of weeks since this may distort the delicate sutures and cartilage inside your nose.
Swelling and bruising are normal the first couple of days. Expect two to three days of recovery before normal activities can be performed. Consult the doctor before attempting any athletic activities that may affect the healing process.